The leader of Soviet Russia, Mikhail Gorbachev (Mikhail Gorbachev) has died at the age of 91. Nobel Peace Prize winner Gorbachev has died after a long illness. Mikhail Gorbachev ended the Cold War without bloodshed but he failed to prevent the collapse of the Soviet Union. Hospital authorities have confirmed his death.
In 1989, pro-democracy protests intensified in the Soviet bloc countries of communist Eastern Europe, but they refrained from using force. On the other hand, previous Kremlin leaders had sent tanks to crush rebellions in Hungary in 1956 and Czechoslovakia in 1968. But protests fueled aspirations for autonomy in the Soviet Union’s 15 republics, leading to chaos over the next two years. Gorbachev struggled to arrest that decline.
In 1985, Gorbachev was chosen as the new head of the Soviet Union. He was the General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991. From 1988 to 1989 he was Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet. He was the State Country Head from 1988 to 1991. He filled in as Chairman of the Supreme Soviet from 1989 to 1990.
Gorbachev became the General Secretary of the Communist Party in 1985 at the age of only 53. He held this position until 1991 when the party itself dissolved and the Soviet Union soon collapsed. His policy of ‘glasnost’ – free speech – allowed for previously unthinkable repression by party and state, but also encouraged nationalists who began pushing for independence in the Baltic republics of Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia and elsewhere.